What is cancer?

Cancer is a disease where there is abnormal, uncontrolled division of cells in the body, which can form into growths called tumours. There are many different kinds of cancer which can develop in almost all parts of the body.

There are many different ways that doctors treat cancer. The type of cancer treatment you receive will depend on the kind of cancer you have, if it has spread, your current fitness and general health, as well as your treatment preferences. Your doctor will personalise your treatment plan specific to your needs.

Understanding Cancer

Cancer occurs when cells in the body grow in an abnormal and uncontrolled way and can spread to other areas of the body. This uncontrolled growth can lead to benign or malignant lumps, known as tumours, forming.

  • Benign tumours usually grow slowly and don’t spread throughout the body, generally only becoming an issue if they grow very large and disrupt the normal functioning of your body.
  • Malignant tumours are made up of rapidly-growing cancer cells which have the ability to destroy tissue and spread.


Cancer Treatments

Types of cancer treatments

Cancer may be treated by surgery, radiation therapy, or drug therapy. Cancer drug therapy includes chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy. These modalities may be administered either on their own, or in various combinations. For example, chemotherapy is frequently combined with targeted therapy.

For further information on cancer treatments offered at Icon, click here.

Resources to help you navigate cancer diagnosis and treatment

If you, a friend or family member have been diagnosed with cancer, it can be very overwhelming to find the information you need or remember all the details. We encourage you to look through the resources on our website, which can help you take the next step during this difficult time and gain a better understanding of cancer. Click here to access the Cancer Information Library.



Support Services

A list of credible support agencies to help you through all stages of your cancer journey.
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Families and Carers

Helpful information on finding the right support when caring for a loved one with cancer.
Learn More

Cancer Information Library

Resources to help you learn more about cancer diagnosis and treatment.
Learn More

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