Treatment for anal cancer

There are many different types of treatment for anal cancer. Your treatment will depend on you and your cancer.

Treatment for anal cancer depends on the type that you have, and your age, medical history and treatment preferences.

Some common therapies used to treat anal cancer can include:

  • Surgery – to remove the tumour is one of the most suitable treatment methods for early-stage anal cancer.
  • Radical surgery – involves removing the anal canal, rectum and regional lymph nodes.
  • Radiation therapy – or radiotherapy, uses radiation to directly target and destroy cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy uses specialist drugs that destroy cancer cells. This treatment method can be used alone or together with radiation therapy to treat anal cancer.


For a full list of references, click here.
  1. Cancer Council Australia. (2019). Anal cancer. Retrieved on 19 November 2019 from
  2. Mayo Clinic. (2019). Anal cancer. Retrieved on 15 January 2020 from
  3. Cancer Research UK. (2019). Anal cancer – Stages and types. Retrieved on 15 January 2020 from
  4. Cancer Council NSW. (2018). Anal cancer. Retrieved on 15 January 2020 from

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